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Work hour congruence: The effect on job satisfaction and absenteeism

TitleWork hour congruence: The effect on job satisfaction and absenteeism
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLee, B. Y., Wang J., and Weststar J.
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Pages657 - 675
Keywordsabsenteeism, fewer hours, job satisfaction, more hours, work hour congruence

This study examines the effect of work hour congruence on employee job satisfaction and absenteeism using a large, longitudinal sample from the Canadian Workplace and Employee Survey (WES). An employee is said to have work hour congruence when they actually work the number of hours that they desire. Results indicate a difference between employees who desire more hours and those who desire fewer hours: employee desire for and receipt of more hours was related to positive changes in job satisfaction, while employee desire for and receipt of fewer hours was related to reduced absenteeism. In addition, the results suggest that employees respond to employers who at least try to meet their needs, those who desired more hours and received some, but not all of these additional hours showed a positive increase in job satisfaction. This study contributes to the literature by using of a precise measure of work hour preference and change, differentiating employees who desire fewer hours from those who desire more and examining both full and partial work hour congruence.

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