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Vitamin D intake from supplemental sources but not from food sources has increased in the Canadian population over time

TitleVitamin D intake from supplemental sources but not from food sources has increased in the Canadian population over time
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsVatanparast, H., Patil R. Prakash, Islam N., Shafiee M., and Whiting S. J.
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume150
Pages526 - 535
Keywordsdiet, food, vitamin d
Abstract

Background Evidence is lacking to determine whether there have been any changes in dietary or total usual intakes of vitamin D among Canadians, in the light of recent evidence of beneficial health effects beyond bone. Objective We aimed to examine trends in dietary and total usual intake of vitamin D among Canadians aged =>1 y. Methods This study used nationally representative nutrition data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 (CCHS 2004) and CCHS Nutrition in 2015. Dietary intake data were collected with use of two 24-h dietary recalls and dietary supplement use was determined by questionnaire. The National Cancer Institute method was used to estimate the usual intake of vitamin D as well as the prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy among Canadians aged =>1 y. Results From 2004 to 2015, the usual intake of vitamin D from food significantly decreased (P

URLhttps://academic.oup.com/jn/article-abstract/150/3/526/5673198
DOI10.1093/jn/nxz291
Document URLhttps://academic.oup.com/jn/article-pdf/150/3/526/32537141/nxz291.pdf