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Understanding stability and change in psychological distress and sense of coherence: A four-year prospective study

TitleUnderstanding stability and change in psychological distress and sense of coherence: A four-year prospective study
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsBreslin, F.. C., Ibrahim S.., Hepburn C.. G., and Cole D..
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume36
Pages1 - 21
Keywordsbehaviours influencing health, distress, emotions, life, mental health and well-being, pain, psychology, quality oflife, satisfaction, stress, suffering
Abstract

Concerns have been raised repeatedly regarding the temporal stability of sense of coherence measures and their unusually strong correlations with psychological distress measures. To examine these two issues prospectively in a general population sample, we used a structural equation model (SEM) that hypothesizes a stable and a time-varying component for the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (OLQ), a measure of sense of coherence, and a distress scale. The stable component underlying distress levels was correlated strongly with the stable component of the OLQ. These findings suggest that the status of sense of coherence as a stable protective factor for health that is independent of known risk factors is not well served by the OLQ.

URLhttp://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118619939/abstract?cretry=1&sretry=0