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Technological change and declining immigrant outcomes, implications for income inequality in Canada

TitleTechnological change and declining immigrant outcomes, implications for income inequality in Canada
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWarman, C., and Worswick C.
JournalCanadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network (CLSRN) Working Papers
Date PublishedNovember
Keywordsearnings, human capital, immigration, language proficiency, occupational mobility, skills
Abstract

The earnings and occupational task requirements of immigrants to Canada are analyzed. The growing education levels of immigrants in the 1990s have not led to a large improvement in earnings as one might expect if growing computerization was leading to a rising return to non-routine cognitive skills and a greater wage return to university education. Controlling for education, we find a pronounced cross-arrival cohort decline in earnings that coincided with cross cohort declines in cognitive task requirements and cross cohort increases in manual task requirements. The immigrant earnings outcomes had only a small effect on overall Canadian earnings inequality.

URLhttp://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/workingpapers/CLSRN%20Working%20Paper%20no.%20145%20-%20Abstract.pdf
Document URLhttp://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/workingpapers/CLSRN%20Working%20Paper%20no.%20145%20-%20Warman%20and%20Worswick.pdf