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South Asian-White health inequalities in Canada: Intersections with gender and immigrant status

TitleSouth Asian-White health inequalities in Canada: Intersections with gender and immigrant status
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsVeenstra, G., and Patterson A. C.
JournalEthnicity and Health
Volume21
Pages639 - 648
Keywordsbody mass index, canada, gender, health behaviors, immigration, racial health inequalities, socioeconomic status, south asian, white
Abstract

Objectives. We apply intersectionality theory to health inequalities in Canada by investigating whether South Asian-White health inequalities are conditioned by gender and immigrant status in a synergistic way. Design. Our dataset comprised 10 cycles (2001-2013) of the Canadian Community Health Survey. Using binary logistic regression modeling, we examined South Asian-White inequalities in self-rated health, diabetes, hypertension and asthma before and after controlling for potentially explanatory factors. Models were calculated separately in subsamples of native-born women, native-born men, immigrant women and immigrant men. Results. South Asian immigrants had higher odds of fair/poor self-rated health, diabetes and hypertension than White immigrants. Native-born South Asian men had higher odds of fair/poor self-rated health than native-born White men and native-born South Asian women had lower odds of hypertension than native-born White women. Education, household income, smoking, physical activity and body mass index did little to explain these associations. The three-way interaction between racial identity, gender and immigrant status approached statistical significance for hypertension but not for self-rated health and asthma. Conclusion. Our findings provide modest support for the intersectionally inspired principle that combinations of identities derived from race, gender and nationality constitute sui generis categories in the manifestation of health outcomes.

URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13557858.2016.1179725
DOI10.1080/13557858.2016.1179725
Document URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13557858.2016.1179725