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Sorting or shaping? The gendered economic outcomes of immigration policy in Canada

TitleSorting or shaping? The gendered economic outcomes of immigration policy in Canada
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsElrick, J., and Lightman N.
JournalInternational Migration Review
Volume50
Pages352 - 384
Abstract

Using a growth model analysis of Canada's Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC), we establish a significant relationship between application status - i.e. the distinction in immigration policy between primary and secondary migrants - and individual wages. This relationship is associated with an earnings disadvantage for secondary migrants, who are disproportionately female. The disadvantage persists over time, even when individual human capital and personal characteristics, household context, and pre-existing differences in the relative employability of spouses are taken into account. We outline some possible explanations for this effect, as well as implications for immigration policy-makers.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imre.12110/abstract
DOI10.1111/imre.12110
Document URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imre.12110/pdf