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Smoking alcohol and drug use in youth and adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

TitleSmoking alcohol and drug use in youth and adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsOsland, S., Hirsch L., and Pringsheim T.
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry Open
Volume3
Pages141 - 146
Abstract

Previous research suggests a relationship between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and smoking, alcohol and illicit drug use, however most studies have focused on adolescents or young adults, or clinically ascertained samples. To analyse population-based data on the relationship between ADHD and at-risk health behaviours in adolescents and adults. Data were derived from a Statistics Canada population-based health survey. The association between the diagnosis of ADHD and smoking, alcohol use, and illicit drug use was examined. Individuals with ADHD started smoking at a younger age. They consumed more alcoholic drinks on drinking days, and women with ADHD were more likely to engage in binge drinking. Women over the age of 25 and men with ADHD were more likely to meet alcohol-dependence lifetime criteria. People with ADHD were at a greater risk of drug misuse and dependence. People with ADHD are more likely to partake in at-risk behaviours.

URLhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/bjpsych-open/article/smoking-alcohol-and-drug-use-in-youth-and-adults-with-attentiondeficit-hyperactivity-disorder/F81F24BF49F4B0125BF9F06B4DDEC571
DOI10.1192/bjpo.bp.116.004317
Document URLhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/F81F24BF49F4B0125BF9F06B4DDEC571/S2056472400002155a.pdf/smoking_alcohol_and_drug_use_in_youth_and_adults_with_attentiondeficit_hyperactivity_disorder.pdf