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Skill dispersion and trade flows

TitleSkill dispersion and trade flows
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsGallipoli, G., Bombardini M., and Pupato G.
JournalAmerican Economic Review
Pages2327 - 2248

Is skill dispersion a source of comparative advantage? In this paper we use microdata from the International Adult Literacy Survey to show that the effect of skill dispersion on trade flows is quantitatively similar to that of the aggregate endowment of human capital. In particular we investigate, and find support for, the hypothesis that countries with a more dispersed skill distribution specialize in industries characterized by lower complementarity of workers' skills. The result is robust to the introduction of controls for alternative sources of comparative advantage, as well as to alternative measures of industry-level skill complementarity.