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Sense of coherence as a moderator of the effects of stressful life events on health

TitleSense of coherence as a moderator of the effects of stressful life events on health
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsRichardson, C. G., and Ratner P. A.
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume59
Pages979 - 984
Keywordsmeasures of health, mental health and well-being, recent stressful life event, rle, self reported health, sense of coherence, soc, srh, variance inflation factor, vif
Abstract

{Study objective: To test the hypothesis that Antonovsky's concept of sense of coherence (SOC) moderates (that is, buffers) the health impacts of stressful life events in a population based sample. Design: Multiple linear and Poisson regression analyses of longitudinal data from a national survey of population health were used to examine the relations among SOC, the experience of recent stressful life events (for example, family breakdown, financial crisis, physical abuse), and two outcomes, self reported health status (SRH) and self reported number of physician visits during the previous year. Setting: General population of Canada. Participants: Nationally representative sample of household residents aged 30 years of age or greater surveyed in 1998 and 2000 (n=6505). Main results: After controlling for age, sex, and previous health status, a significant moderating effect (t=2.24