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Sedentary work and the risks of colon and rectal cancer by anatomical sub-site in the Canadian Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC)

TitleSedentary work and the risks of colon and rectal cancer by anatomical sub-site in the Canadian Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC)
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsPahwa, M., M. Harris A., MacLeod J., Tjepkema M., Peters P. A., and Demers P. A.
JournalCancer Epidemiology
Volume49
Pages144 - 151
Keywordscohort study, colon cancer, occupation, rectal cancer, sedentary lifestyle
Abstract

Background Sedentary behaviour is a potential risk factor for colorectal cancer. We examined the association between sedentary work, based on body position, and colorectal cancer risk in Canadians. Methods A working body position category (a. sitting; b. standing and walking; c. sitting, standing, and walking; d. other) was assigned to occupations reported by 1991 Canadian Census respondents based on national occupational counselling guidelines. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated for cancers of the colon (overall, proximal, and distal) and rectum in men and women newly diagnosed from 1992 to 2010. Results Compared to "sitting" jobs, men in occupations with "other" (non-sitting, -standing, or -walking) body positions had a weakly significant reduced colon cancer risk (HR = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.89, 0.98) primarily attributed to protection at the distal site (HR = 0.90, 95% CI: 0.84, 0.97). Men in "standing and walking" and "sitting, standing, and walking" jobs did not have significantly reduced colon cancer risks. No effects were observed for rectal cancer in men or colon and rectal cancer in women. Conclusion The two significant findings of this analysis should be followed-up in further investigations with additional information on potential confounders. Null findings for rectal cancer were consistent with other studies.

URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877782117300930
DOI10.1016/j.canep.2017.06.004