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Roots and STEMS? Examining field of study choices among northern and rural youth in Canada

TitleRoots and STEMS? Examining field of study choices among northern and rural youth in Canada
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsHango, D., Zarifa D., Milian R. Pizarro, and Seward B.
JournalStudies in Higher Education
VolumeePub ahead of Print
Pages1 - 31
Keywordsengineering, field of study, higher education, mathematics, parental socio-economic status, proximity, rural, science, ses, stem, technology
Abstract

Despite several decades of postsecondary expansion, new research finds youth from northern and rural areas in Canada still experience difficulties making the transition to postsecondary education, and those who do attend take longer to do so. Proximity, we argue, may also have a considerable impact on one's field selection, as many of Canada's larger universities and colleges, who offer considerably more program and degree options, tend to be concentrated in large, urban centers, and in the southern regions of Canada's provinces. This study draws on Cycles 1-4 of Statistics Canada's Youth in Transition Survey - Cohort A to examine regional inequalities in accessing Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)-related fields at both the university and non-university levels. Indeed, our findings suggest that location of residence does impact field choices, as students from northern and rural areas were less likely to enter STEM as well as non-STEM, university programs.

URLhttps://srhe.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03075079.2019.1643308
DOI10.1080/03075079.2019.1643308