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Prevalence and risk factors of ACO (Asthma COPD Overlap) in Aboriginal People

TitlePrevalence and risk factors of ACO (Asthma COPD Overlap) in Aboriginal People
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKoleade, A. Ayoola, Farrell J., Mugford G. J., and Gao Z.
JournalJournal of Environmental and Public Health
Pages1 - 10

Background and Objective. Aboriginal peoples are at a higher risk of many chronic respiratory diseases compared to the general Canadian population. Patients with asthma-COPD overlap (ACO), a disease newly described in 2015, are associated with frequent exacerbations, rapid decline in lung function, poor quality of life, high mortality, and disproportionate utilization of health-care resources than patients with asthma and COPD alone. The objective was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of ACO in Aboriginal peoples. Methods. Data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) were used for this study. The ACO definition was based on the respondent giving positive responses to both of the following questions "Do you/Does (name) have Asthma diagnosed by a health professional?" and "Do you/Does (name) have chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic pulmonary obstructive disease or COPD diagnosed by a health professional?" Results. Aboriginal peoples older than 45 years, women, widowed, separated, or divorced, having a total personal income below $20,000 were associated with a significant risk of ACO. Residing in Ontario, being a daily smoker, living in a rented dwelling, dwelling in need of major repairs, having diabetes, and working more than 40hrs a week were also significantly associated with increased risk of ACO. Conclusion. The results from this study will provide information to aid the development of prevention and intervention strategies for Aboriginal communities.

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