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Prevalence and determinants of asthma among Aboriginal adolescents in Canada

TitlePrevalence and determinants of asthma among Aboriginal adolescents in Canada
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsKarunanayake, C. P., Amin K., Abonyi S., Dosman J. A., and Pahwa P.
JournalJournal of Asthma
VolumeePub ahead of print
Pages1 - 7
Keywordsaboriginal, aboriginal peoples survey, adolescents, asthma, risk factors
Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of asthma in Aboriginal adolescents in Canada based on the Canadian Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) 2012. Few studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors of asthma in Aboriginal adolescents in Canada. Methods: Data from the cross-sectional APS 2012 were analyzed to accomplish the objective. Logistic regression analysis was utilized to determine significant risk factors of lifetime diagnosis of asthma among Aboriginal adolescents. The outcome of interest for adolescents was based on the question: "Do you have asthma that have been diagnosed by a health professional?" Individual, environmental, and contextual factors were tested for an association with lifetime diagnosis of asthma among adolescents. Results: The overall prevalence of lifetime diagnosis of asthma was 16.0%. The prevalence of lifetime diagnosis of asthma was 16.8% for adolescent boys and 15.3% for adolescent girls. Based on multivariable logistic regression analysis, the risk factors of lifetime diagnosis of asthma were: age, income, being overweight, smoking inside the home, having one to two children under 18 years in the household, history of bronchitis, living in an urban residence, education, and geographical location. Female sex was reported to have a protective effect on or reduce risk of the prevalence of lifetime diagnosis of asthma compared to the male sex. Conclusions: Lifetime diagnosis of asthma prevalence appears to be lower in Aboriginal adolescent girls than in adolescent boys. Lifetime diagnosis of asthma prevalence in these adolescents is associated with age, income, education, being overweight, smoking inside the home, history of bronchitis, and location of residence, both geographical region and urban residence. The prevalence of lifetime diagnosis of asthma among Aboriginal adolescent is higher compared to the general adolescent population in Canada.

URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02770903.2018.1541354
DOI10.1080/02770903.2018.1541354