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Police charging practices for incidents of intimate partner violence in Canada

TitlePolice charging practices for incidents of intimate partner violence in Canada
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDawson, M., and Hotton T.
JournalJournal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Volume51
Pages655 - 683
Keywordsintimate partner violence, policing
Abstract

Objectives: To examine police charging practices in case of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Canada. Methods: In this national level study, we explore police charging in cases of IPV using data from the 2008 Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) survey. Using logistic regression, we examine the impact of several key legal and extralegal factors on the police charging decisions. Results: Analysis shows that, while the majority of cases were cleared by charge, the proportion of cases in which police recommended a charge varied across the country. Further, the majority of legal and extralegal variables examined were significantly associated with the police decision to lay a charge across the jurisdictions examined, including the presence of victim injury, multiple victims, offence type as well as gender of the victim and the victim-accused relationship. Conclusion: Study findings indicate that future research on police charging in cases of IPV require more precise examinations of the role played by gender and the type of relationship as well as an investigation of the community context in which police decisions are made.

URLhttp://jrc.sagepub.com/content/51/5/655
DOI10.1177/0022427814523787
Document URLhttp://jrc.sagepub.com/content/51/5/655.full.pdf+html