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Percentile curves for skinfold thickness for Canadian children and youth

TitlePercentile curves for skinfold thickness for Canadian children and youth
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsKuhle, S., Ashley-Martin J., Maguire B., and Hamilton D. C.
JournalPeerJ
Volume4
Pages1 - 22
Date PublishedJuly
Keywordschildren, epidemiology, growth, nutrition, obesity, pediatrics, percentile curves, public health, skinfolds, statistics
Abstract

Background. Skinfold thickness (SFT) measurements are a reliable and feasible method for assessing body fat in children but their use and interpretation is hindered by the scarcity of reference values in representative populations of children. The objective of the present study was to develop age- and sex-specific percentile curves for five SFT measures (biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac, medial calf) in a representative population of Canadian children and youth. Methods. We analyzed data from 3,938 children and adolescents between 6 and 19 years of age who participated in the Canadian Health Measures Survey cycles 1 (2007/2009) and 2 (2009/2011). Standardized procedures were used to measure SFT. Age- and sex-specific centiles for SFT were calculated using the GAMLSS method. Results. Percentile curves were materially different in absolute value and shape for boys and girls. Percentile girls in girls steadily increased with age whereas percentile curves in boys were characterized by a pubertal centered peak. Conclusions. The current study has presented for the first time percentile curves for five SFT measures in a representative sample of Canadian children and youth.

URLhttps://peerj.com/articles/2247/
DOI10.7717/peerj.2247
Document URLhttps://peerj.com/articles/2247.pdf