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The long-run impacts of a universal child care program

TitleThe long-run impacts of a universal child care program
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsBaker, M., Gruber J., and Milligan K.
JournalAmerican Economic Journal: Economic Policy
VolumeePub ahead of print
Pages1 - 44

Past research documents the persistence of positive impacts of early-life interventions on non cognitive skills. We test the symmetry of this finding by studying the persistence of a sizeable negative shock to non cognitive outcomes arising with the introduction of universal child care in Quebec. We find that the negative effects on non cognitive outcomes persisted to school ages, and also that cohorts with increased child care access had worse health, lower life satisfaction, and higher crime rates later in life. Our results reinforce previous evidence of the central role of the early childhood environment for long-run success.

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