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Indigenous access to skilled jobs in the Canadian forest industry: The role of education

TitleIndigenous access to skilled jobs in the Canadian forest industry: The role of education
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsCahill, I. G.
JournalInternational Indigenous Policy Journal
Pages1 - 42
Keywordséducation, forestry, national household survey (nhs), off reserve, on reserve, skilled jobs

In this article, the effect of education on the skill level of jobs held by Indigenous people working in the Canadian forest industry is examined. A skill index based on detailed occupation is used as the dependent variable in ordered logit models estimated using data from Statistics Canada's 2011 National Household Survey (NHS). Results are obtained by gender. In the case of men, for Métis (a specific mixed European and Indigenous culture) and for First Nations living off reserve estimates of the effect of education are similar to those for non-Indigenous people. The estimated effect is lower for those Indigenous people living on reserve, particularly for those whose employment is also on the reserve. Results for women are similar, though often not statistically significant due to the limited sample size. High school graduation appears insufficient to provide access to better jobs, whereas post-secondary education, including trade certificates and community college, is very effective. The article concludes with a suggestion that, while closing the lag in Indigenous rates of high school education is critical, this must provide a gateway to further education. A discussion provides more policy context.

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