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Inattention in boys from low-income backgrounds predicts welfare receipt: A 30-year prospective study

TitleInattention in boys from low-income backgrounds predicts welfare receipt: A 30-year prospective study
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsVergunst, F., Tremblay R. E., Nagin D., Zheng Y., Galera C., Park J., Beasley E., Algan Y., Vitaro F., and Côté S. M.
JournalPsychological Medicine
VolumeePub ahead of Print
Pages1 - 9
Keywordsadhd, aggression, conduct disorder, externalizing, hyperactivity, inattention, non-cognitive, opposition, prosociality, tax return
Abstract

{Background Childhood disruptive behaviors are highly prevalent and associated with adverse long-term social and economic outcomes. Trajectories of welfare receipt in early adulthood and the association of childhood behaviors with high welfare receipt trajectories have not been examined. Methods Boys (n = 1000) from low socioeconomic backgrounds were assessed by kindergarten teachers for inattention, hyperactivity, aggression, opposition, and prosociality, and prospectively followed up for 30 years. We used group-base trajectory modeling to estimate trajectories of welfare receipt from age 19-36 years using government tax return records, then examined the association between teacher-rated behaviors and trajectory group membership using mixed effects multinomial regression models. Results Three trajectories of welfare receipt were identified: low (70.8%), declining (19.9%), and chronic (9.3%). The mean annual personal employment earnings (US$) for the three groups at age 35/36 years was $36 500 (s.d. = $24 000), $15 600 (s.d. = $16 275), and $1700 (s.d. = $4800), respectively. Relative to the low welfare receipt group, a unit increase in inattention (mean = 2.64; s.d. = 2.32

URLhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/article/inattention-in-boys-from-lowincome-backgrounds-predicts-welfare-receipt-a-30year-prospective-study/2BEEE72F37C69E267C9C12E77706318B
DOI10.1017/S0033291719002058