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Impact of individual and institutional factors on wage rate for nurses in Canada: Is there a monopsony market?

TitleImpact of individual and institutional factors on wage rate for nurses in Canada: Is there a monopsony market?
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsAriste, R., and Béjaoui A.
JournalInternational Review of Applied Economics
Volume33
Pages659 - 681
Keywordscanada, health workforce, monopsony, nurse labour market, union, wage
Abstract

Previous studies on Canadian nurse wages were limited to individual factors and did not take into account contextual factors such as hospital market share, labour market size or unionization. Based on market share, some refer to the nursing labour market as a monopsony, which depresses wages and might explain the shortage. However, this has not yet been tested empirically in the Canadian Registered Nurse (RN) labour market. This article aims to fill this gap by using the microdata files of the Labour Force Survey for the years 2010–2012 and the multilevel analysis to shed light on this issue. The contribution of this work is that it takes into account both individual and contextual variables to try to explain nurses' hourly wage. In accordance with the monopsony model, we hypothesize a negative correlation between hourly wage and level of market share; i.e. monopsony employers would pay a lower wage rate. The results do not support the monopsony model to explain nursing labour shortage: there is no statistically significant relation between RN wages and market share; no relation was found for market size either. This suggests that an explanation for RN labour shortage must be investigated elsewhere.

URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02692171.2018.1518410
DOI10.1080/02692171.2018.1518410
Document URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02692171.2018.1518410