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Immigration and location choices of native-born workers in Canada

TitleImmigration and location choices of native-born workers in Canada
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsAydede, Y.
JournalPapers in Regional Science
PagesS113 - S134
Keywordscrowding out, displacement, immigration, migration, mobility

This paper investigates a possible crowding-out effect of immigration in Canadian labour markets and explores how location choices of native-born workers can be influenced by industry and occupation specific immigration clustering in both the potential destinations and the departure regions. We apply choice-specific, clustered fixed-effect response models. The results show that industry-specific immigration clustering indices have strong and negative effects on the location choices of the native born. When the scaled immigration measures are used, the results confirm the 'substitution' hypothesis: native-born workers who choose lower immigration in their destinations also move from the origins with higher immigration in their industry.

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