You are here

Immigrant job search assimilation in Canada

TitleImmigrant job search assimilation in Canada
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBowlus, A. J., Miyairi M., and Robinson C.
JournalCanadian Journal of Economics
Pages5 - 51

Immigrant assimilation is a major issue in many countries. While most of the literature studies assimilation through a human capital framework, we examine the role of job search assimilation. To do so, we estimate an equilibrium search model of immigrants operating in the same labour market as natives, where newly arrived immigrants have lower job offer arrival rates than natives but can acquire the same arrival rates according to a stochastic process. Using Canadian panel data, we find substantial differences in job offer arrival and destruction rates between natives and immigrants that are able to account for three quarters of the observed earnings gap. The estimates imply that immigrants take on average 13 years to acquire the native search parameters. Due to immigrants facing much lower on-the-job offer arrival rates than natives, the model predicts that earnings growth through job search is minimal for immigrants prior to their job search assimilation.

Document URL
Publication Type
Contract ID
Publication language(s)