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How do coethnic communities matter for educational attainment? A comparative analysis of the United States and Canada

TitleHow do coethnic communities matter for educational attainment? A comparative analysis of the United States and Canada
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLee, R.
JournalInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology
Volume59
Pages139 - 164
Keywordscoethnic community, cross-national comparison, educational attainment, immigrant integration, immigrants’ offspring
Abstract

The United States and Canada represent two of the largest immigrant-receiving countries. Although both countries have long histories of receiving immigrants, they are viewed differently in their abilities to integrate immigrants and their children. A popular and reoccurring narrative is Canada’s greater ability to integrate immigrants and their children compared with the United States. One possible explanation is that coethnic communities in Canada are more visible and supported by government funding than coethnic communities in the United States, which may differentially affect the outcomes of immigrants’ children in the two countries. Using nationally representative data from the Sensitive General Social Survey and Ethnic Diversity Survey, this study examines the effects of coethnic community, national origin group, and individual characteristics on educational attainment in the United States and Canada. This study utilizes differences in coethnic community and national origin group effects to understand institutional differences between the two countries. In particular, it finds that coethnic community education has a positive effect in both countries, but the effects for coethnic community income and educational selectivity differ. This study suggests that differences in coethnic community income and educational selectivity may be due to differences in immigration policy, which shape the types of settlement challenges and sources of support that immigrants and their children encounter upon arrival.

URLhttps://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0020715218767486
Publication Type
RDC
Surveys
Themes
Contract ID
Publication language(s)
English