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Gender variations in the relationship between social capital and mental health outcomes among the Indigenous populations of Canada

TitreGender variations in the relationship between social capital and mental health outcomes among the Indigenous populations of Canada
Année de publication2019
AuteursLevesque, A., and Quesnel-Vallée A.
JournalInternational Journal for Equity in Health
Volume18
Mots-clésgender, heavy episodic drinking, indigenous health, self-rated mental health, social capital
Résumé

{Background In this paper we examine the relationship between social capital and two mental health outcomes - self-rated mental health (SRMH) and heavy episodic drinking (HED) - among the Indigenous populations of Canada. We operationalize a unique definition of social capital from Indigenous specific sources that allows for an analysis of the importance of access to Indigenous networks and communities. We also examine gender variations in the relationship between social capital and the two outcomes, as there is a noticeable lack of research examining the influence of gender in the recent literature on the mental health of Indigenous populations in Canada. Methods Using data from the 2012 cycle of the Aboriginal Peoples Survey, logistic regression models were estimated to assess if gender was a significant predictor of either SRMH or HED among the entire Indigenous sample. The sample was then stratified by gender and the relationship between two social capital variables - one general and one indigenous-specific - and each mental health outcome was assessed separately among male and female respondents. All analyses were also further stratified into specific Indigenous groups - First Nations, Métis, or Inuit - to account for the unique cultures, histories, and socioeconomic positions of the three populations. Results Female respondents were more likely to report fair or poor SRMH in the total sample as well as the First Nations and Métis subsamples (OR = 1.48

URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12939-019-1028-9
DOI10.1186/s12939-019-1028-9
Document URLhttps://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1186/s12939-019-1028-9.pdf