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"Back-loaded" tax subsidies for saving, asset location and crowd-out: Evidence from tax-free savings accounts

Titre"Back-loaded" tax subsidies for saving, asset location and crowd-out: Evidence from tax-free savings accounts
Année de publication2019
AuteursLavecchia, A. M.
JournalDepartment of Economics Working Papers
Mots-clésback-loaded versus front-loaded subsidies, crowd-out, tax-free savings accounts, tax-preferred savings accounts
Résumé

This paper presents estimates of the causal effect of Canadian Tax-Free Savings Accounts (TFSAs) balances on household saving and portfolio asset location choices. Contributions to TFSAs are not tax-deductible but capital income earned in the account accrues tax-free and withdrawals are not taxed. Using a difference-in-differences research design that exploits the sharp change in a family's cumulative TFSA contribution room that arises when a family member turns 18 years old, I find that a 10 percent increase in TFSA balances reduces taxable financial asset holdings by 2.5 percent with no statistically significant effect on holdings in traditional tax-deferred accounts. I also find that the crowd-out in taxable asset holdings is driven by families reducing the share of their taxable financial assets held in fixed income securities.

URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/mcm/deptwp/2019-04.html
Document URLhttps://socialsciences.mcmaster.ca/econ/rsrch/papers/archive/2019-04.pdf