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Estimating institution and homeless for status First Nations in Canada: A method and implications

TitleEstimating institution and homeless for status First Nations in Canada: A method and implications
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsAkee, R., and Feir D.
JournalDepartment of Economics Department Discussion Papers
Keywordsfirst nations, gender ratio, homelessness, institutionalization, native american, registered indian, status indian
Abstract

We propose an accessible and repeatable method for calculating rates of institutionalization and homelessness among Status First Nations in Canada by age and gender. We show that this calculation is possible through combining Census and administrative data and could be computed at regular intervals. We estimate extremely high rates of institutionalization and homelessness, especially among young Status men. Averaging over 2001 and 2006, an upper bound estimate of 12% of the Status male population was either institutionalized or homeless. We show that this high rate of institutionalization and homelessness results in a distortion in the male-female gender ratio which may have long-run implications for the continued legal existence of Status First Nations in Canada.

URLhttps://www.uvic.ca/socialsciences/economics/research/home/papers/discussion-papers/index.php
Document URLhttps://www.uvic.ca/socialsciences/economics/assets/docs/discussion/DDP1801.pdf