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The effects of a change in the point system on immigration: Evidence from the 2001 Quebec reform

TitleThe effects of a change in the point system on immigration: Evidence from the 2001 Quebec reform
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsChemin, M., and Sayour N.
JournalJournal of Population Economics
Volume29
Pages1217 - 1247
Date PublishedOctober
Keywordsimmigration, labor market integration, point system
Abstract

In 2001, Quebec changed its point system, a system that selects immigrants based on specific observable characteristics. The explicit objective was to increase the number of French-speaking immigrants, with no deterioration in overall labor market performance. To achieve this, points for French and education (specifically bachelor's degrees) were increased. In parallel, points for a subjective assessment of "adaptability" were decreased. In line with the initial objective, we find more French-speaking immigrants with bachelor's degrees, and no worsening in labor market outcomes after the reform. These results hold in a difference-in-differences and triple differences analysis. This paper shows how point systems can be used to shape the immigrant workforce according to policy goals.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00148-016-0594-z
DOI10.1007/s00148-016-0594-z