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Economic stratification and living conditions in the Canadian Arctic

TitleEconomic stratification and living conditions in the Canadian Arctic
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsDuhaime, G., Édouard R., and Bernard N.
EditorPoppel, B.
Book Title{SLiCA: Arctic living conditions: Living conditions and quality of life among Inuit, Saami and indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula}
Pages169 - 196
CityCopenhagen, DE
Keywordscanadian arctic, economic stratification, income distribution, inuit, inuvialuit, living conditions, nunangat, nunatsiavut, nunavik, nunavut, slica, social cohesion, well-being

This chapter discusses the stratification of contemporary Inuit societies in Canada. An analysis of total individual and household income enabled the authors to determine income distribution among the adult Inuit population across different strata. This analysis made it possible to go beyond merely describing income distribution and to observe a significant but weak relationship between economic stratification and the living conditions thus examined (schooling level, civic participation, social support, satisfaction in relation to certain aspects of community life, and subjective well-being). It also showed that the criteria of social differentiation include - aside from various sources of income - access to and availability of social support, participation in community life, satisfaction, and wellbeing. All in all, economic stratification appears, all things considered, to have a limited impact on the core aspects of life for the Canadian Arctic Inuit. Other processes are thought to interact with stratification to produce and materialize the cohesion required for the maintenance and development of local communities - such as, for example, the strength of social networks, the presence of family, or the principle of reciprocity.

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