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Dental care use by immigrant Canadians in Ontario: A cross-sectional analysis of the 2014 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)

TitleDental care use by immigrant Canadians in Ontario: A cross-sectional analysis of the 2014 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMehra, V. M., Costanian C., Khanna S., and Tamim H.
JournalBMC Oral Health
Volume19
Pages1 - 9
Keywordsdental care use, immigrants, ontario, oral health
Abstract

Background Ontario is home to the largest number of immigrants in Canada. However, very little is known about their dental care utilization patterns. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of poor dental health care use among the immigrant population of Ontario and how various socio-demographic, socio-economic and health-related factors are associated with it. Methods Analysis was performed on a total of 4208 Ontarian immigrants who participated in the dental care module of the 2014 cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey. Poor dental care use was defined by the two variables: not visiting the dentist in the past year and/or visiting the dentist only for emergency purposes. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to assess the associations between the two outcomes and the socio-demographic, socio-economic and health-related factors. Results Thirty three percent of immigrants reported not visiting the dentist in the past year and 25% reported visiting only for emergencies. The leading components associated with poor dental care utilization were being a new immigrant, of male gender, having low educational attainment, low household income and lacking dental insurance. Conclusions This study is the first to highlight oral health care use patterns amongst immigrants in Ontario. Given that a large proportion of the immigrant population in Ontario have poor dental care use, education and outreach programs informing incoming immigrants of preventative dental care may improve overall dental health.

URLhttps://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12903-019-0773-x
DOI10.1186/s12903-019-0773-x
Document URLhttps://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12903-019-0773-x