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HES (Households and the Environment Survey)


The Households and the Environment Survey (HES) measures the environmental practices and behaviours of Canadian households that relate to the condition of our air, water and soils. The survey was also designed to collect data to develop and improve three key environmental indicators: air quality, water quality and greenhouse gas emissions.

Publications using this survey

Perks, M. (2017).  Indexing behaviours indicative of ecological citizenship in Canada. Department of Sociology and Anthropology. Montréal, QC: Concordia University. Abstract
Rivers, N., Shenstone-Harris S., and Young N. (2017).  Using nudges to reduce waste? The case of Toronto's plastic bag levy. Journal of Environmental Management, 188 (March), 153-162., March Abstract
Rezaei, M. (2017).  Power to the people: Thinking (and rethinking) energy poverty in British Columbia, Canada. Resource Management and Environmental Studies. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia. Abstract
Dupont, D. P., and Renzetti S. (2014).  Household behaviour related to water conservation. Water Resources and Economics, 4 (2), 22-37. Abstract