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CHOS (Canadian Housing Survey)


The CHOS provides information on how Canadians feel about their housing and how housing affects them. Information is collected on core housing need, dwelling characteristics and housing tenure, perceptions on economic hardship from housing costs, dwelling and neighbourhood satisfaction, perceptions on neighbourhood issues and safety, housing moves and intentions to move, volunteering, community engagement, life satisfaction, community satisfaction, dwelling adaptations to improve accessibility, self-assessed health, experience with homelessness, and socio-demographic characteristics.


Under the umbrella of the 2018 Canadian Housing Survey (CHS), a suite of files is now available and can be accessed by researchers with approved projects.

These files are the outcome of a number of social inclusion related projects supported by the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. They were conducted to enhance the CHS and support the National Housing Strategy. These new projects produced a Proximity Measures Database, indicators of neighbourhood income mixing (Income dispersion), a social inclusion index Detailed documentation describing the index will be available soon. In the interim, users should contact CISWS with any questions. , and spatial mobility data based on historical addresses. The Proximity Measures Database provides information on what access Canadians have, within a given distance of their dwelling, to services and amenities including transit, health services, schools and parks. The indicators of neighbourhood income mixing are designed to measure the diversity of income levels across neighbourhoods and multi-unit apartment buildings. The Social Inclusion Index measures how satisfied Canadian households are with their dwellings and neighbourhoods; how much they feel part of their community; as well as how safe and financially secure they feel. Historical data on the spatial mobility project can be used to study housing transitions.

This suite of files also includes income information from T4 tax Files, the T1 Family Files (T1FF) and the Administrative Personal Income Masterfile (APIM).

The CHS provides information on how Canadians feel about their housing and how housing affects them. It collects information on core housing need; dwelling characteristics and housing tenure; perceptions of economic hardship from housing costs; dwelling and neighbourhood satisfaction; perceptions of neighbourhood issues and safety; housing moves and intentions to move; volunteering; community engagement; life satisfaction; community satisfaction; dwelling adaptations to improve accessibility; self-assessed health; experience with homelessness; and sociodemographic characteristics.