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Association between neighbourhood fast-food and full-service restaurant density and body mass index: A cross-sectional study of Canadian adults

TitleAssociation between neighbourhood fast-food and full-service restaurant density and body mass index: A cross-sectional study of Canadian adults
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsHollands, S., M. Campbell K., Gilliland J., and Sarma S.
JournalCanadian Journal of Public Health
Volume105
Pages172 - 178
Keywordsbody mass index, environment and public health, fast foods, obesity
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Frequent fast-food consumption is a well-known risk factor for obesity. This study sought to determine whether the availability of fast-food restaurants has an influence on body mass index (BMI). METHODS: BMI and individual-level confounding variables were obtained from the 2007-08 Canadian Community Health Survey. Neighbourhood socio-demographic variables were acquired from the 2006 Canadian Census. The geographic locations of all restaurants in Canada were assembled from a validated business registry database. The density of fast-food, full-service and non-chain restaurants per 10,000 individuals was calculated for respondents' forward sortation area. Multivariable regression analyses were conducted to analyze the association between restaurant density and BMI. RESULTS: Fast-food, full-service and non-chain restaurant density variables were statistically significantly associated with BMI. Fast-food density had a positive association whereas full-service and non-chain restaurant density had a negative association with BMI (additional 10 fast-food restaurants per capita corresponded to a weight increase of 1 kilogram; p

URLhttp://journal.cpha.ca/index.php/cjph/article/view/4287
Document URLhttp://journal.cpha.ca/index.php/cjph/article/download/4287/2929