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Association between handgrip muscle strength and cardiometabolic z-score in children 6 to 19 years of age: Results from the Canadian Health Measures Survey

TitleAssociation between handgrip muscle strength and cardiometabolic z-score in children 6 to 19 years of age: Results from the Canadian Health Measures Survey
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsRioux, B. V., Kuwornu P., Sharma A., Tremblay M. S., McGavock J. M., and Sénéchal M.
JournalMetabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders
Volume15
Pages379 - 384
Keywordslifestyle modification, metabolic syndrome, obesity
Abstract

Background: It is unclear if muscle strength, another index of fitness, which confers the protection from cardiometabolic risk in adults, is associated with similar protection in children and youth. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between handgrip strength and cardiometabolic health in a large Canadian sample of children and youth. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian sample of children and youth aged 6 to 19 years (n = 1376) studied in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (cycles 1 and 2) between 2007 and 2011. The primary exposure variable, handgrip strength, was measured using a handgrip dynamometer. The primary outcome measure was a composite measure of cardiometabolic risk calculated as the sum of z-scores of the following variables: triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and hemoglobin A1c. All of the analyses were adjusted for confounders. Results: The sample was on average 12.8 +/- 3.5 years and displayed a body mass index (BMI) z-score of 0.5 +/- 1.2. In unadjusted analyses, handgrip strength was negatively associated with cardiometabolic z-score (estimate = -0.013; P

URLhttps://www.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/met.2016.0147
DOI10.1089/met.2016.0147
Document URLhttps://www.liebertpub.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/met.2016.0147https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/met.2016.0147