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An analysis of measurement invariance in work stress by sex: Are we comparing apples to apples? (in press)

TitleAn analysis of measurement invariance in work stress by sex: Are we comparing apples to apples? (in press)
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBielecky, A., Ibrahim S., Mustard C. A., Brisson C., and Smith P. M.
JournalJournal of Articles in Support of the Null Hypothesis
Volume13
Pages37 - 48
Keywordsjob control, measurement, multigroup confirmatory factor analysis, psychological demands, psychosocial work stress, sex
Abstract

This study explores whether instruments used to measure Job Control and Psychological Job Demands function differently by sex. We evaluated the comparability of these measures by sex using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis. All estimates were invariant by sex, except for the intercept for the item assessing how "hectic" a worker perceives his/her job (which contributes to the Demands measure). This item intercept was statistically significantly higher for women than men, but not practically so. These findings suggest that the differences observed between men and women in the impact of work stress on health cannot be explained by measurement bias (when using the work stress measures employed in this study). Further research is needed to understand why work stress appears to affect the health of men and women differently.

URLhttp://www.jasnh.com/
Document URLhttp://www.jasnh.com/pdf/Vol13-No2-article1.pdf