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Analysis of incidence, mortality trends, and geographic distribution of breast cancer patients in Canada

TitleAnalysis of incidence, mortality trends, and geographic distribution of breast cancer patients in Canada
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsLagacé, F., Ghazawi F. M., Le M., Rahme E., Savin E., Zubarev A., Alakel A., Sasseville D., Moreau L., Meterissian S., and Litvinov I. V.
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume178
Pages683 - 691
Keywordsbreast, cancer, environmental risk factors, epidemiology, incidence, mortality
Abstract

Background/purpose Breast cancer is the malignancy with the highest incidence rate excluding non-melanoma skin cancers, and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among Canadian women. Many modifiable risk factors have been linked to the pathogenesis of this disease. The purpose of this study is to analyze the epidemiology of breast cancer in Canada and to examine its geographic distribution to help identify new risk factors for this disease. Methods Three independent population-based cancer registries were used to retrospectively analyze demographic data from Canadian women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer across all provinces and territories between 1992 and 2010. The incidence and mortality rates were assessed at the provincial, city, and forward sortation area (FSA) postal code levels. Results The overall age-adjusted incidence rate was 114.4 cases per 100,000 females per year. Six provinces and several groups of FSAs had significantly higher incidence rates. There was a significant increase in incidence and decrease in mortality rates between 1992 and 2010. The overall mortality rate was 31.5 deaths per 100,000 females per year. However, three provinces had significantly higher mortality rates. Conclusion By identifying high-incidence areas for breast cancer, our study will help identify patient populations that are at higher risk for this malignancy. It will also act as a foundation for future studies to establish novel risk factors for this disease.

URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10549-019-05418-2
DOI10.1007/s10549-019-05418-2