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A sex-specific comparison of major depressive disorder symptomatology in the Canadian Forces and the general population

TitleA sex-specific comparison of major depressive disorder symptomatology in the Canadian Forces and the general population
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsErickson, J., D. Kinley J., Zamorski M., Bolton J., Enns M., and Sareen J.
JournalCanadian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume59
Pages393 - 398
Keywordscanadian forces, civilians, depression, general population, major depressive disorder, mental health and well-being, military, sex, symptom profiles, symptomatology
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare major depressive disorder (MDD) symptomatology within men and women in a large, representative sample of Canadian military personnel and civilians. METHOD: We used the Canadian Community Health Survey: Mental Health and Well-Being (Cycle 1.2 and Canadian Forces Supplement) (n = 36 984 and n = 8441, respectively) to compare past-year MDD symptomatology among military and civilian women, and military and civilian men. Logistic regression models were used to determine differences in the types of depressive symptoms endorsed in each group. RESULTS: Men in the military with MDD were at lower odds than men in the general population to endorse numerous symptoms of depression, such as hopelessness (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.44; 99% CI 0.23 to 0.83) and inability to cope (AOR 0.53; 99% CI 0.31 to 0.92). Military women with MDD were at lower odds of thinking about their death (AOR 0.52; 99% CI 0.32 to 0.86), relative to women with MDD in the general population. CONCLUSION: Different MDD symptomatology among males and females in the military, compared with those in the general population, may reflect selection effects (for example, personality characteristics and patterns of comorbidity) or occupational experiences unique to military personnel. Future research examining the mechanisms behind MDD symptomatology in military personnel and civilians is required.

URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc4086316/
Document URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc4086316/pdf/cjp-2014-vol59-july-393-398.pdf